Organization And Content

The text is composed of seven sections that are fairly independent and may be studied in a variety of sequences. Since there is enough material in the book for a two-semester course, clearly a one-semester course will require the instructor to decide which parts to include.

Part I is introductory and contains important institutional material focusing on the financial environment. We discuss the major players in the financial markets, provide an overview of the types of securities traded in those markets, and explain how and where securities are traded. We also discuss in depth mutual funds and other investment companies, which have become an increasingly important means of investing for individual investors. Chapter 5 is a general discussion of risk and return, making the general point that historical returns on broad asset classes are consistent with a risk-return trade-off.

The material presented in Part I should make it possible for instructors to assign term projects early in the course. These projects might require the student to analyze in detail a particular group of securities. Many instructors like to involve their students in some sort of investment game and the material in these chapters will facilitate this process.

Parts II and III contain the core of modern portfolio theory. We focus more closely in Chapter 6 on how to describe investors' risk preferences. In Chapter 7 we progress to asset allocation and then in Chapter 8 to portfolio optimization.

After our treatment of modern portfolio theory in Part II, we investigate in Part III the implications of that theory for the equilibrium structure of expected rates of return on risky assets. Chapters 9 and 10 treat the capital asset pricing model and its implementation using index models, and Chapter 11 covers the arbitrage pricing theory. We complete Part II with a chapter on the efficient markets hypothesis, including its rationale as well as the evidence for and against it, and a chapter on empirical evidence concerning security returns. The empirical evidence chapter in this edition follows the efficient markets chapter so that the student can use the perspective of efficient market theory to put other studies on returns in context.

Part IV is the first of three parts on security valuation. This Part treats fixed-income securities—bond pricing (Chapter 14), term structure relationships (Chapter 15), and interest-rate risk management (Chapter 16). The next two Parts deal with equity securities and derivative securities. For a course emphasizing security analysis and excluding portfolio theory, one may proceed directly from Part I to Part III with no loss in continuity.

Part V is devoted to equity securities. We proceed in a "top down" manner, starting with the broad macroeconomic environment (Chapter 17), next moving on to equity valuation (Chapter 18), and then using this analytical framework, we treat fundamental analysis including financial statement analysis (Chapter 19).

Part VI covers derivative assets such as options, futures, swaps, and callable and convertible securities. It contains two chapters on options and two on futures. This material covers both pricing and risk management applications of derivatives.

Finally, Part VII presents extensions of previous material. Topics covered in this Part include evaluation of portfolio performance (Chapter 24), portfolio management in an international setting (Chapter 25), a general framework for the implementation of investment strategy in a nontechnical manner modeled after the approach presented in CFA study materials (Chapter 26), and an overview of active portfolio management (Chapter 27).

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